HOMEDatabases ≫ Agricultural Household Survey (the Databases of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MAF) Survey of Farm Household Economy (SFHE): the MAF SFHE Databases)

Agricultural Household Survey (the Databases of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MAF) Survey of Farm Household Economy (SFHE): the MAF SFHE Databases)

About the MAF SFHE Databases

The Research Centre for Information and Statistics of Social Science is creating the Databases of the MAF SFHE in prewar Japan from the original survey materials kept at the Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University.

The MAF SFHE, had been conducted by the MAF of Japan and related agencies from 1913 to 1994, is a statistical survey to understand management/economic activities of agricultural households. Surveyed households were extracted from all prefectures in Japan with classification according to land-holding ratio standard. The Survey covered various items such as assets, production, labor, and consumption. The survey results had been published as the aggregated data of the each surveyed year, and it is possible to investigate the general economic conditions of agricultural households.

Progress of Database Construction

At present, the Centre has constructed the panel Databases from the individual files surveyed from 1931 to 1941. In this period, the farm economy had been recovered from the severe impact of the Showa Depression correspond, and Japan rushed toward the Second World War. In this period, from six to nine households per each prefecture were surveyed. As of the end of March 2015, the data compilation for 21 prefectures had completed, with some updates being conducted.

Research Results

Some experimental analyses have been conducted that utilise some part of the compiled database. The followings are the results obtained in these analyses.

● Analysis on labor force (Saito, 2009): The farm women readily increased their supply of working hours whenever their husbands had to work longer, thereby decreasing their hours spent for domestic tasks; the allocation of wives’ work time was significantly influenced by alternating stages of the family life cycle, shaped under household formation rules of Japan's stem family system.

● Analysis on self-provisioned consumption (Ozeki, 2009): At the period right after the Depression, when the decline of sericulture occurred, sericulturists increased the proportion of expenditure on self-provisioned food, indicating that they tried to maintain their livelihood during the changeover process from sericulture to other agricultural productions.

● Analysis on asset accumulation (Kusadokoro, Maru and Takashima, 2012): While the size of operational land tended to converge to around two hectare, the size was not affected by the land holding structure and was adjusted according to the family structure; farm households placed emphasis on the accumulation of liquid assets, such as cash and quasi-money, livestock, and stock-in-kind, indicating that households used these assets as buffer stocks.

● Analysis on production function (Maru, Kusadokoro and Takashima, 2015): Agricultural production in this period was decreasing returns to scale, and the efficient size of operational land was around two hector in terms of production technology; the change in total factor productivity tended to have larger increasing trend in the first half of the 1930s, right after the Depression, than that in the second half when Japan went on a war footing.

Publications

The Research Centre for Information and Statistics of Social Science published results obtained from the series of construction activity of the Databases as "Noka Keizai Chosa Detabesu Hensei Hokokusho (in Japanese) [The Report of the Databases Construction of the MAF Survey of Farm Household Economy], vols. 1-8." For further information, please refer to the page "Publications." In case of necessity, please contact the Centre.

Also, there are some results of experimental analyses using the Databases.

● Asami, Atsuyuki (2012) "Senzenki Noka Keizai Chosa no Boki Dezain no Hensen [The Transition of Accounting Designing in the Survey of Farm Household Economy in the Prewar Period]," in Inamoto, Shiro eds. Nogyo Keiei Hatten no Kaikei-Gaku: Gendai, Senzen, Kaigai no Keiei Hatten [Accounting of Farm Management Development: Farm Development in the Present and Prewar Periods in Japan and Overseas], Kyoto: Showa-Do.

● Kusadokoro, Motoi (2012) "Koshu Yosan Fukugo Keiei no Seisan Gijutu no Keisoku: Senzenki Noka Keizai Chosa no Hensen to Keiryo Bunseki [The Measurement of Production Technology in Crop-Sericulture Multiple Farming: Econometric Analysis and the Transition of the Survey of Farm Household Economy in the Prewar Period]," in Inamoto, Shiro eds. Nogyo Keiei Hatten no Kaikei-Gaku: Gendai, Senzen, Kaigai no Keiei Hatten [Accounting of Farm Management Development: Farm Development in the Present and Prewar Periods in Japan and Overseas], Kyoto: Showa-Do.

● Kusadokoro, Motoi, Takeshi Maru, and Masanori Takashima (2012) "Asset Accumulation Behavior of Rural Households in the Reconstruction Period following the Showa Depression: A Panel Data Analysis Using the Third Period MAF Survey of Farm Household Economy," Global COE Hi-Stat Discussion Paper Series, No. 231.

● Maru, Takeshi, Motoi Kusadokoro, and Masanori Takashima (2015) "Productivity and the Growth of Japanese Agriculture in the 1930s: A Panel Data Analysis Using a Survey of Farm Household Economy," PRIMCED Discussion Paper Series, No. 71.

● Ozeki, Manabu (2009) "Self-provisioned Consumption by Farm Families in Interwar Japan: A Preliminary Exploration," The Economic Review, Vol. 60, No. 2, pp. 112--125.

● Ozeki, Manabu, and Masahiro Satow (2008) "From Agricultural Booking to Household Analysis: The Formation of the Household Analysis Method and a Role of the Kyoto School in that Process," The Economic Review, Vol. 59, No. 1, pp. 59--73.

● Saito, Osamu (2009) "The Farm Household and Intra-family Work Patterns: An Analysis of Micro-data for 17 Farms in the Interwar Period," The Economic Review, Vol. 60, No. 2, pp. 126--139.

Use of the MAF SFHE Databases

Unavailable at the moment while the Databases is under construction.

Contact Us (the MAF SFHE Databases)

For more information about the Databases, please e-mail us at "noukei[at]ier.hit-u.ac.jp" (please change "[at]" to "@").